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Sonnet (Latin ‘sonus’ – a sound) (Italian ‘sonnetto’ = a little sound or song)

Fixed form:14 lines; 10 syllables each

Usually written in iambic pentameter

Two part form:

Part 1 — Octave (8 lines) [can be divided into 2 four-line stanzas]

Part 2 — Sestet (6 lines) [can be divided into 1 four-line stanza and 2 line couplet]

Couplet = conclusion (“therefore”); thoughtful and satisfying

Most common rhyme schemes:

(Shakespeare) – abab cdcd efef gg

(Wordsworth) – abbaaccb dedeff

Groups of connected sonnets are called crowns or garlands.