Metaphor (Ancient Greek – 2 words: meta=beyond, across, over; phoreo=to carry bring, bear)
A figure of speech equating one thing (X) to something very different (Y).
Can be expressed as:
1. X is like Y
2. X is Y
3. X of Y (i.e. Man of Steel)
4. XY (i.e. Girl rose or Rose girl) — this is called Kenning
Makes a strong and vivid statement and creates a mind picture with clever and unique comparisons.
Makes a mind picture
The words like, as, than, similar, resembles are not allowed.