Canzone (Italian word from the Latin ‘canto’ = song)
Wide variety of song-like verse forms with differing length, rhyme scheme and meter.
Often written in praise of beauty or about love, philosophy and metaphysics.
One example of a Canzone form popularized by Dante is:
5 12-line stanzas using 5 end words which are repeated in a circular pattern, ending with a 6 line tornada (this can be 5 lines as well – one for each word).